Escrow and title companies are still under attack, fraud is being perpetrated from all angles of the transaction. As a result, our operations are taking their time and extra care to thoroughly review checks; our operations need to ensure funds are unconditionally collected before closing and disbursing.

We received an “Official Check” drawn on an institutional bank. Our Branch Manager & Administrator were on high alert. The transaction consisted of many red flags the Company had seen before.
• Cash purchase
• Payment is made by official or cashier’s check
• No earnest money deposited
• Quick close
• Foreign buyer, purchasing the property sight unseen
• Only communication with the buyer has been by email

The buyer had been instructed to wire his closing funds but sent an Official Check instead. To top it all off, the remitter was a third-party company, not the buyer.

Our Escrow team notified the real estate agents the deal would not be able to close by the scheduled date. The agents put an addendum to the purchase agreement together to extend the closing date.

Our Escrow team worked to verify the validity of the check. They contacted a Citibank ® representative who said the company was unable to verify the check without the account holder on the line. Our Escrow team knew they needed a quick answer, so they did more digging and found a Citibank client support phone number. They called the automated system where the caller can enter a Citibank check number and the amount of a cashier’s check or official check to verify whether their system recognizes it or not. The system did not recognize this check.

Next, our Escrow team searched the internet for a website of the company that remitted the funds. Their search was a dead end. They could not find the company online — which was enough evidence for them to instruct resign from the transaction.

Our Escrow team made the right call. No one involved in the transaction needed to keep working towards a closing. Instead, this enabled the property to be put back on the market and sold to a legitimate buyer. Turns out the Citibank automated check verification was correct: the check was later confirmed as fraudulent.

by Jill Bright, AVP/Sr. Sales Executive, Chicago Title Agency